When you look up at stars and the vastness of creation, what do you see? Do you see a divinely created universe? Do you see a natural phenomenon? When you morn the loss of a love one, where did they go? Are they reincarnated? Are they in heaven? When you are searching for comfort, where do you turn? Do you turn to God? To most, these are some of life’s biggest questions. Questions like these shapes how one perceives and relates to the world around them. The answers to these questions can be found by first examining the lens in which an individual chooses to view the world through- their worldview. While many of these questions seem improbable to answer, the simple truth of the matter is that the Bible answers them all. In his letter to the Romans, Paul gives a very systematic approach to the Gospel of Jesus and addresses some of these fundamental questions regarding life and the Biblical Worldview.
First and foremost, Paul contests to the existence and character of God which is presupposed from the very beginning. Our creator’s righteousness is revealed by fellow Christians. It is for our good that He is righteous. (1:17) His creation; the trees, the mountains, the animals, the sunsets -all attribute to revealing God’s glory. (16:26) Paul writes of Gods truth, love, and mercy. He reminds us that “while we were still sinners, Christ died for us”, solely because of the grace and love given by God. Meaning that even while we were lost and sinful; unworthy, God sent us a savior to redeem us. (5:8) The Lord is merciful, solely because of His character, it is not dependent on man’s will or desires, but rather the nature of God. (9:16) He is sovereign, holy, and just – “all things work together for His good.” (8:28) Every little thing, living or otherwise was created from God, it is through Him and for His glory that all things exist. His creation was made by Him. Everything takes place through Him. Everything attributes to His divine glory. (11:36)
Paul answers the question of origins in his letter to the Romans as well. Proclaiming God, the Creator, (1:25) Paul reminds us of God’s creation and how it longs to be set free from sin and evil and enter holiness with God. (8:20) He attests to man’s sinful nature from the very beginning (1:26-28), and yet reveals hope that is found through Christ. (8:20) No man is past their sinful nature, and there is nothing in this world (other than Christ) that can redeem us. (3:20) Only through Christ can we be justified and redeemed. (10:13)
Where did sin originate is something that Paul addressed in his letter to the Romans as well. Paul states that, “sin entered through one man”- Adam. (5:12) When Adam ate from the Tree of Life, he committed man’s first sin against God and forever separated humanity from the Lord’s intention. Paul reminds us that all of us are sinners, and that because of this, no one deserves God’s glory. (3:23) The consequences of our sin is eternal damnation -or separation from glory, yet God offers salvation through Christ. (6:23) Because, “while we were still sinners, Jesus died for us, so that we might live.” (5:8) Jesus offers us eternal life. We only find death and sorrow through sin. (5:21)
In his letter the Romans, Paul teaches about the solution to the problem of sin. What can we do about our innate, sinful nature? Romans reminds us that it is not about what we can do, but rather, what has already been done. The gift of redemptive grace is free and is provided by the sacrifice of Jesus for our sins. Paul says that, “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.” (10:13) The sins of man will be justified in the eyes of God, if only they accept Jesus as their Lord and Savior. (10:9) It’s through the sacrifice of Jesus Christ that man has hope for salvation. Through the grace and blood of Jesus, God revealed His righteousness and hope for the world. (3:24-26)
Paul interacts and addresses the idea of ethics and morality as well in his letter to the Romans. How should we as Christians live within this immoral world? What are the attributes of a true Christian? Paul appeals to the subject in the following manner: We should live according to God’s will. Our goal is to become as holy as we can possibly be. Present ourselves as a Christian while upholding Christian values. (12:1) We should not let the world around us affect our perspective. Instead, we must study and pray and continue to draw closer to God. The closer we are to our Creator, the better we can determine what He desires for our lives. (12:2) We must not consider ourselves above others and be slow to judge We must not look down on others or think that we are better than another individual. (12:3) Considering the different gifts that God has given us, we must remember that every individual has something unique to offer the Kingdom. (12:6-8) Our love must genuine and real, holding on to what is righteous and good while despising what is evil. (12:9) We must rejoice in hope, be constant in prayer, bless those who curse us, rejoice with those who rejoice, and try our best to live in peace with one another. (12:12-16) We must never let evil overcome us, but rather, overcome evil with good. (12:21) We must be filled with the power of the Holy Spirit and let hope and joy fill our hearts and give us peace. (15:13)
Paul also teaches about humanities hope for the future in his letter to the Romans. He talks about where creation is heading and what the Lord’s ultimate goal is. Creations future glory. He reminds us that there is nothing on this earth that can compare to the glory that will be revealed through Christ upon His return. (8:18) That one day we will be set free from the bondage of sin and evil and receive God’s eternal glory. (8:21) All things are working together, for the good of God, for God’s ultimate purpose -which is holy. (8:28) We are predestined and called by God. We are justified through Christ, and because we are justified, we will also be glorified one day. (8:30) Throughout all these references, Paul is writing about what comes after. He uses words like saved, predestined, and future glory to address the matter of eternity. What happens to those who believe when they die? What are they saved from? Paul is clear that we are saved from the wages of sin, which is death. We will be justified and glorified through Christ and bask in Gods glory for eternity.
In conclusion, Paul’s letter to the Romans addresses many of life’s biggest questions regarding God, creation, sin, salvation, ethics and eschatology. When questioning any of these subjects one can turn to the book of Romans and find guidance. The book of Romans is a strong apologetic tool used for the defense of the Biblical worldview. Paul’s writing is foundational when trying to understand what it truly means to be a Christian. He highlights the character of the God we serve. He emphasizes that God is our creator and is faithful and just to His creation. He addresses the matter of sin, and man’s inherited nature. He teaches us what to do about our sinful nature, how to live by denying our nature, and how to be saved from the consequences of that nature. One saved, Paul reminds us of our reward and destination through Christ. Teaching us all of the salvation found in Jesus. The book of Romans is an essential tool when addressing and defending the Christian faith and is one that I turn to often.